Our Workplace Transport Risk Assessment FAQs detail frequently asked questions and tailored answers related to the hazards and risks of workplace transport.
There are several common risks when loading/unloading vehicles. The most significant include the risk of falling from height e.g. from loading bays, or tail lifts. This risk can be coupled with falling objects if a load becomes insecure and falls. Being struck by other vehicles is a risk if traffic is not managed appropriately.
Manual handling can pose a significant loading/unloading risk, with workers at risk of developing musculoskeletal injuries if the activity is repetitive, loads are bulky, or mechanical lifting aids are not available.
Hazards that threaten the safety of employees and passers-by include:
Traffic management risk assessments, robust safety procedures, appropriate safety equipment, training and monitoring are crucial for minimising risks.
Most workplace transport accidents happen because vehicles and pedestrians aren’t properly separated.
If pedestrians and vehicles must interact then the ideal separation control is a physical barrier, although clearly demarcated lines may be sufficient.
In January 2023, Kingsland Drinks was fined £800k when John Fitzpatrick, a 59-year-old from Oldham, was struck and killed by a forklift truck while he waited for his trailer to be loaded. The court found that, amongst other failures, there was no vehicle and pedestrian segregation in the loading area.
Transportation risks are managed through:
Risk in transportation refers to the potential for accidents or incidents during the movement of people, vehicles, or goods. These risks encompass various hazards including vehicle collisions, injuries to drivers or passengers, property damage, cargo loss or damage and harm to pedestrians.
Effective risk management involves identifying and assessing these potential risks, implementing safety measures and protocols and continuously monitoring and mitigating risks.
A Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) risk assessment includes the following:
Transport hazards depend on the mode of transport, the nature of the cargo and the conditions under which transportation occurs.
Hazards can include:
Risks associated with moving heavy equipment include musculoskeletal injuries, crush or pinch injuries, falls, struck-by incidents and equipment malfunctions.
To mitigate risks, employers must first assess the risks and provide employees with comprehensive training, emphasising the importance of proper lifting techniques, and provide mechanical aids like cranes, pump trucks, or forklifts when necessary. Adequate personal protective equipment should be provided, and strict safety protocols enforced.
Work equipment should be subject to a maintenance schedule and inspected to prevent malfunctions and ensure safe operation.
One of the most common hazards related to vehicles and mobile plant in the workplace is the risk of accidents from collisions or strikes. Vehicles may collide with each other, with stationary objects or with pedestrians. Collisions and strikes can result in injuries, fatalities, and damage to vehicle and property.
Inadequate visibility, excessive speed, lack of training, inadequate traffic management or distracted or tired operators are the most common causes of accidents.